Bhagat Singh is regarded to be one of the most significant revolutionaries of India Nationalist Movement. He became engaged with many innovative companies and played a part in the India National movement. He passed away a martyr at the age of just 23 years. Following his performance, on April 23, 1931, the followers and supporters of Bhagat Singh regarded him as a “Shaheed” (martyr).
Bhagat Singh was born in a Sikh family in town Khatkar Kalan in Nawanshahar district of Punjab. The region has now been known as Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar in his memory. He was the third son of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. Bhagat Singh’s family was actively engaged in the freedom struggle. His father Kishan Singh and Uncle Ajit Singh were members of Ghadr Party founded in the U.S to oust British rule from India. The family environment had an excellent influence on the brain of younger Bhagat Singh and patriotism ran in his blood from child years.
Influences on Bhagat Singh
He was significantly drawn towards socialism. Regarded as being one of India’s very first Marxists, Bhagat Singh was one of the leaders and founders of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). Bhagat Singh was significantly saddened by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919. Though he took part in the non-cooperation movement, he was frustrated when Gandhi cancelled the agitation after the Chauri Chaura incident. He studied at the National College in Lahore where he came into exposure to other revolutionaries such as Bhagwati Charan, Sukhdev and others. He left the place to escape early marriage and joined up with the company Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
National Movement & Revolutionary Actions
Initially, Bhagat Singh’s activities were restricted to composing harsh content against the British Govt, publishing and circulating leaflets describing concepts of an aggressive rebellion, targeted at overthrowing the Govt. Considering his affect the youngsters, and his connection to the Akali movement, he became a person of interest for the government. The cops caught him in a bombing case that took place in 1926 in Lahore. He was released 5 months later on a 60,000 rupees bond.
On 30 Oct 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led an all-parties procession and marched towards the Lahore railway station to a demonstration against the arrival of the Simon Commission. The resorted to a brutal lathi charge to combat the progression of the demonstrators. The confrontation left Lala Lajpat Rai with serious accidents and he showed into his accidents on November 17, 1928. As a revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh and his affiliates plotted the assassination of James A. Scott, the Superintendent of Police, believed to have ordered the lathi charge. The revolutionaries, mistaking J.P. Saunders, an Associate Superintendent of Police, as Scott, murdered him instead. Bhagat Singh quickly left Lahore to escape his arrest. To prevent identification, he shaved his beard and cut his hairs, an infringement of the sacred tenets of Sikhism.
Bhagat Singh was one of the most popular faces of Indian freedom struggle. He was a revolutionary before his periods. By Trend he resulted in the existing order of things, which is based on manifest injustice, must modify.